Reserve is situated in India's northwestern state of Rajasthan,
near the town of Sawai Madhopur, midway between Bharatpur and Kota
townships. It is surrounded by the Vindhya and Aravali hill ranges and is
very near to the outer fringes of the Thar Desert.
area has sprawling tracts of the desert and semi-desert vegetation.
Originally a hunting ground of the Maharaja of Jaipur, Ranthambore was
declared a game sanctuary in 1955. In 1980, it became a national park and
listed among the reserves protected under Project Tiger (1973). Presently
the Kaila Devi Sanctuary, also famous for its tigers, and Mansingh Sanctuary
also form part of Ranthambore Reserve. Ranthambhore
Tiger Reserve lies on the junction of Aravali and Vindhyas just 14 kms from
Sawai Madhopur in Eastern Rajasthan.
It sprawls over a varying and
undulating landscape. The scenery changes dramatically from gentle and steep
slopes of the Vindhyas and sharp and conical hills of the Aravalis.
park is famous for tigers and due to conservation efforts, the tiger
population has stabilized if not increased here. The tigers can be spotted
quite often even during the day, at their normal pursuits-- hunting and
taking care of their young ones. Ranthambhor is one of the best places to
see these majestic predators. Old crumbling walls, ruined pavilions, wells,
and other ancient structures stand witness to the region's glorious past.
The entire forest is peppered with the battlements and spillovers of the
Ranthambhore fort - tigers are said to frequent these ruins, too.
thousand year old fort also blends amicably with the background. Pure sands
of Dhok interspersed with grasslands at the plateaus, meadows in valleys and
luxuriant foliage around the canals make-up the jungle. Three big lakes
Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh are similar
turquoises studded in the vast forest.
Prime Attractions of
Ranthambore » Jogi Mahal
The park is spread
over an area of about 400 sq. kms. Above one of the hills is the
strategically built 10th century fort, the Ranthambore Fort. Within this
fort are some spectacular monuments. The terrain has some steep rugged rocks
bordering the lakes and rivers, surrounded by dense forest and thick bushes.
The forests have deciduous types of trees with Dhok as the most prominent
tree. At the foot of the fort starts the forests. Located here is the Jogi
Mahal, which houses the second largest banyan tree in India. Tigers wander
around the lakes, Padam Talab, the Raj Bagh Talab and the Milak Talak that
this forest houses. Jogi Mahal is also a favourite of tigers. The forest
displays the old time battlements and spillovers of Ranthambore scattered
throughout the forest, symbolising the region's glorious past. The tigers
visit these ruins too.
Ranthambore serves as the best park for
wildlife photography and attracts professionals from all around the world.
Sincer the implementation of the project tiger, tigers can be spotted
easily, lazing around in the sun, or hunting excitedly with great excitement
near the sambar lake. No other sanctuary provides such a good view of tigers
in broad daylight. Panthers are also a part of this forest, but are mostly
found on the outskirts of the park, mainly at Kachida valley. This is due to
the unavoidable fights with the tigers here. Sambars, which are in a large
number here are the main prey for the predators. Marsh crocodiles, hyenas,
jungle cats, sloth bears, chital, nilgai and chinkara are also residents of
this forest. Black storks, quails, Bonelli's eagles, spur fowls, crested
serpent eagles and painted storks is the avifauna of the forests. Many birds
especially a variety of ducks migrate to this park during winters.
» Ranthambhor National Park
Eastern Rajasthan, where the Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau
meet, the Ranthambhore National Park was once the hunting preserve of the
Maharajas of Jaipur. The rivers Chambal in the South and Banas in the North
bound the Ranthambore National Park. Six man made lakes are the central
focus of the park and many perennial streams criss-cross the entire park.
The Ranthambore National Park has internal drainage and has no link up with
any river system, even though two rivers bound the Park in its north
and south side.
Ranthambore National Park is famous for its
Tigers and is a favorite with photographers. For a relatively small area,
the park has a rich diversity of fauna and flora - species list includes 300
trees, 50 aquatic plants, 272 birds, 12 reptiles including the Marsh
Crocodile & amphibians and 30 mammals. Apart from tigers, the park has
its share of panthers, too. They are to be found on the outskirts of the
park, due to the inevitable conflicts with the tiger population.
Valley is believed to be the place to sight these rather elusive cats. The
other permanent residents of the park include marsh crocodiles, hyenas,
jungle cats and sloth bears. Sambars are found in abundance all over the
area, the prime target of all the predators. The avian population comprises
of about 264 species, found within the park.
sanctuary today offers an intense diversity of flora and fauna. Tigers, the
park's pride makes it one of the best places in the country to observe them.
Apart from that a large numbers of Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Gazzelle, Boars,
Mongoose, Indian Hare, Monitor Lizards and a large number of birds.
Shopping in Ranthambore
The place is famous for khus perfumes and other
objects made of khus including fans, small boxes and caps etc.
How to get there » Air
Jaipur (145 km) is the
nearest airport. » Rail
The Park is
around 11 km away from Sawai Madhopur railway station, that lies on the
Delhi to Bombay trunk route. » Road
good network of buses connect Sawai Madhopur, the nearest town, with quite a
few areas around.