in the northern part of India, is Uttar Pradesh, also known as the cow belt
or Hindi belt.
It has dominated Indian politics and culture since
Independence and enjoys the unique distinction of having produced seven of
India's 10 prime ministers. This state plays a central role in the religious
landscape of the Hindus. The most popular state in India, Uttar Pradesh, is
bordered by Nepal on the north, and by the states of Himachal Pradesh,
Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Even geographically it can be
divided into three distinct regions.
The Himalayan region on the
north, vast Gangetic plains in the center and the Vindhya range and plateau
on the south. This mighty state is watered by the rivers of Ganga,
Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomati and Ghaghara.
Located on these rivers are
almost all the main towns and trading centres of the state. Pilgrims have
thronged the place where the two most sacred rivers of India, the Ganga and
Yamuna, meet at Allahabad, for centuries.
For the tourists, Uttar
Pradesh has a kaleidoscope of attractions to offer. Magnificent monuments,
health resorts, misty mountain peaks, ancient temples and viharas, rich
flora and fauna, fascinating rivers and lush valleys are all there to
captivate visitors' hearts. Agra, Ayodhya, Sarnath, Varanasi, Lucknow,
Mathura and Prayag combine religious and architectural marvels. Uttar
Pradesh also has a long list of wildlife reserves and sanctuaries including
the famous Dudhwa National Park.
All in all a fascinating state
that has something for everyone.