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Home » North India » Delhi  

Delhi

As the capital of the largest democracy in the world, Delhi is the focus of the socio economic and political life of India. It's origins are thought to extend as far back as 1200 BC, and since then seven cities have been built and destroyed. People say, the gods founded Delhi; the Mahabharata tells the story of Indraprashta, of course

As of now, from the grand vistas of New Delhi and throbbing lanes of Shahjehanabad to the South Delhi, and not so matching suburbs of Dabri, Dwarks, Narela and Matiyala, Delhi has many faces. Infact, Delhi is the home to history the Mumtaj, the chosen one of all the dynasties from time immemorial. All of them has left their mask, reprint and relics and those are the things that makes the capital city as well as the most popular city of India an irresistible travelmasti itinerary.
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India Gate (All India War Memorial)

This 42 metre high, free standing arch, designed by Lutyens and founded on February 10 1921 by the Duke of Connaught, commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who died during World War I. "Amar Jawan Jyoti", another memorial, added under the arch in 1971 is the nation's tribute to Indian Jawans, who laid their lives during Indo-Pak War of 1971. The names of the demised soul (soldiers) are inscribed all along the walls of the arch.

Red Fort

Built in almost 20 years (1639-1648), by the Mughal monarch Shahjahan, who shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi had a great significance in historical delhi. Built at a cost of Rs 100 lakhs, this imposing building in redstone has its walls that vary in height from 18 m on river (Yamuna) side to 33 m on the city side. Of the two gates, Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate, the former facing the Chandni Chowk is more imposing. The Lahore Gate faces to Lahore (now in Pakistan) and gives access to Chhatta Chowk (the vaulted arcade). Of the prime attractions in the fort are Diwan-i-Am (the Hall of Public Audiences), Diwan-I-Khas (the Hall of Private Audiences), Royal Baths, Shahi Burj, Moti Masjid (built by Aurangzeb in 1659), Khas Mahal, Rang Mahal, Mumtaz Mahal and Svatantrata Sangram Sangrahalaya. It was in the Diwan-i-Am, wherein a marble dias is said to have supported the famous Peacock throne of Shahajahan which was valued at some six million sterling and alas (!) was taken away by Nadir Shah when he looted Delhi in 1739.
Old Fort (Purana Quila)

Constructed on the historical site of Indraprastha by Mughal emperor Humayun and Sher Shah, the fort has a circuit of about a mile. Rectangular in shape, it houses the famous Sher Mandal and Qila-i-Kohna Mosque, built by Sher Shah. Earlier, it was Humayun (1538-1545) who rebuilt Indraprastha and renamed it as Dinpanalh, while Sher Shah who had defeated Humayun named it Shergarh. Sher Mandal, a two storeyed octagonal tower was used by Humayun as library, from where he slipped from its steep stairs and died. Among other attractions are a small archaeological museum, a zoo and a sound and light show held every evening.

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Akshar Dham Temple
Akshar Dham Temple Delhi Travel Vacations
Tour the massive mega Akshardham Temple Complex in Delhi, India and explore an amazing world of Indian culture ornate with 20, 000 statues, floral motifs, arches and exquisitely carved pillars. The magnificent Akshardham Temple in Delhi has been constructed under the patronage of the Bochasanvasi Aksharpurushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) and was inaugurated on November 7, 2005. The inaugural ceremony was attended by President APJ Abdul Kalam and the temple was formally inaugurated by Pramukhswami Maharaj who leads the BAPS.

Qutub Minar

About 15 km south of Delhi, in Mehrauli, this 238 feet and 1 inch high Minar has been referred to as "one of the wonders of world". This soaring tower of victory was built immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu Kingdom in Delhi. Qutb-ud-din Aibak laid its foundation in 1200 A.D. Iltutmish added three more storeys. After damaged by lightning in 1368 A.D. Firuz Shah Tughlaq rebuilt the fourth story, added the fifth and a harp shaped cupola. A doorway in each storey opens to its own balcony. As of now, upper storeys are closed for visitors, yet its a treat to watch this magnificent travelmasti monument. Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Iron Pillar and Alai Gateway are worth having a look.

Chandni Chowk

Chandni Chowk, the commercial area of the Mughal’s entirely designed with great love and care by Jahanara Begum, Shahjahan’s favorite daughter, has now transformed itself into a colorful shopping area, which is one of the country’s best known wholesale markets. Chandni Chowk or Silver Square is the main street of Old Delhi, congested but colourful shopping bazaar. At its eastern end (towards the Red Fort) is a Digambara (sky-clad) Jain Temple, a Birds hospital, a Shiva temple and the Gurudwara Sis Ganj dedicated to the 9th Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur who was beheaded here by Emperor Aurangzeb. Fatehpuri Masjid, built by one of Shahjahan’s wives, marks the western end. The bazaar is one of the largest and busiest wholesale and retail markets where one can find almost every thing - clothes, fabrics, watches, shoes, books, gems and jewellery so on and so forth.

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Birla Mandir

This is one of the landmarks in the nation’s capital New Delhi. It was built in the 20th century by the Birla family of industrialists known for its many other temples in India. It is modern in concept and construction. It attracts several devotees and international tourists. The presiding deity here is Lakshmi Narain (Vishnu).
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The highest tower in the temple reaches a height of 165 feet while the ancillary towers reach 116 feet. The Geeta Bhavan, a hall is adorned with beautiful paintings depicting scenes from Indian mythology. There is also a temple dedicated to Buddha in this complex with fresco paintings describing his life and work. The entire complex, especially the walls and the upper gallery are full of paintings carried out by artists from Jaipur in Rajasthan. The rear of the temple has been developed as an artificial mountainous landscape with fountains and waterfalls.

National Zoological Park

The National Zoological Park (NZP) was a dream of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who envisioned the zoo against the majestic backdrop of the Purana Quila. Designed by Major Weinman of Colombo, Sri Lanka and the famous Carl Hagenbeck of West Germany, the NZP opened in 1959. When news of the new zoo spread, forest departments and individuals started sending “animal gifts” across, with a pair of three-month old leopard cubs from the State government of Madhya Pradesh being the first to arrive. The park was designed using modern concepts of zoo management. Its 176-acre expanse has manicured lawns, expansive animal enclosures, thick woodlands interspersed with brooks and lakes, and a thriving populations of migratory birds. The zoo is visited by more than 13,00,000 people every year and currently houses approximately 1200 birds, mammals and reptiles. The NZP is the only zoo that is managed by the Central Government through its Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Jama Masjid

The largest mosque in India, was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Begun in 1644 and completed finally in 1658 at a cost of ten lakhs of rupees, it has three gateways, four angle towers and two 40 m high minarets. Situated on a rocky eminence in Old Delhi on the other side of road to the Red Fort. One of the finest Specimen of Mughal structure, its notable features are its bold treatment in red sandstone inlaid with black and white marble, spacious courts, massive pillars supporting engrailled arches, elegant bulbous domes - all well proportioned with decorative manipulation. Spend some time here for some serious travelmasti pleasures.

Lotus Temple (Bahai Temple)

Located in Kalkaji in the south of Delhi, it is lotus shaped and has rightly been given the name. It is made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand. It is open to all faiths and is an ideal place for meditation and obtaining peace and tranquility. It is a very recent architectural marvel of the Bahai faith. The Bahá'í Faith is the youngest of the world's independent religions. Its founder, Bahá'u'lláh (1817-1892), is regarded by Bahá'ís as the most recent in the line of Messengers of God that stretches back beyond recorded time and that includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Zoroaster, Christ and Muhammad. The central theme of Bahá'u'lláh's message is that humanity is one single race and that the day has come for its unification in one global society. God, Bahá'u'lláh said, has set in motion historical forces that are breaking down traditional barriers of race, class, creed, and nation and that will, in time, give birth to a universal civilization. The principal challenge facing the peoples of the earth is to accept the fact of their oneness and to assist the processes of unification.

Humayu`s Tomb (Safdarjung Tomb)
Humayu`s Tomb Delhi Tour Operators
Built in 1565 AD by Haji Begum, the Persian born senior wife of Humayun, this tomb is an important landmark in the history of Indian architecture. Its uniqueness lies in the introduction of certain Persian features, viz the bulbous double dome and surrounding formal gardens. Held as "an Indian interpretation of a Persian conception", this tomb is the general dormitory of so many distinguished personalities of the Mughal dynasty, like Haji Begum, trunk of Dara Shikoh (Shahjahan's son) emperor Jahandar Shah and Frarruksiyar as well as Humayun's barber.

Jantar Mantar

Of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), Jantar Mantar, at Delhi is one of them. (Others were erected at Ujjain, Varanasi, Jaipur and Mathura) Built in 1724, it contains six masonary instruments, the largest one Samrat Yantra (Supreme Instrument) is like a sun dial. Built for observing the movements of the stars and the planets, through these Yantras one can known about the shortest and the longest day of the year, days of the week, months, time and other astronomical data.

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