This magnificent fort is a
spectra of romance and chivalry.
The ruined Fortier's of Chittaur
symbolises all that is brave
and noble in the Rajput era. This glorious fort was attacked 3 times and
every attack involved the ritual of Jauhar. This ritual involved mass
immolation, where everyone threw themselves into raging fire or a well, to
prevent themselves from the humiliation at the hands of the enemy. The first
instance occurred in 1303 when the legendary Rajput beauty, Rani Padmini
committed Jauhar with thousands of womenfolk to escape dishonour at the
hands of the soldiers of Allaudin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi. The second
instance occurred in 1533 when Bikramjeet of Chittaur was attacked by sultan
of Gujrat, many women and children lost their lives in the Jauhar led by
Rani Karnavati. The pride and glory of Rajasthan,
Chittaur echoes with the tales of romance and valour unique to the Rajput
A ruined citadel, where the royal past lives on in its
imposing forts, graceful palaces and spectacular chhatris. This fortified
settlement has been ravaged thrice and each time the outcome was Jauhar
when women and children immolated themselves on a huge funeral pyre
while men wearing saffron robes of martyrdom rode out of the fort towards a
Alauddin Khilji was the first to attack Chittaur in
1303 A.D., overpowered by a passionate desire to possess the regal beauty,
queen Padmini. Legend has it, that he saw her face in the reflection of a
mirror and was struck by her mesmerising beauty. But the noble queen
preferred death to dishonour and committed Jauhar.
1533 A.D, during the rule of Bikramjeet, came the second attack from Bahadur
Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat. Once again Jauhar was led by Rani Karnavati, a
Bundi princess. Her infant son, Udai Singh was smuggled out of Chittaur to
Bundi who survived to inherit the throne of the citadel. He learnt from his
traumatic childhood that discretion is preferred to valour. So, in 1567
A.D., when the Mughal Emperor invaded Chittaur, Udai Singh fled to establish
a new capital, Udaipur a beautiful lake city, leaving behind Chittaur
to be defended by two 16-year-old heroes, Jaimal of Bednore and Patta of
Kelwa. These young men displayed true Rajput chivalry and died after Jauhar
was performed. Immediately thereafter Akbar razed the fort to a rubble.
Chittaur was never inhabited again but it always was a reminder of the the
heroic spirit of Rajput warriors.
Prime Attractions of
Chittaurgarh » The Fort
The indomitable pride
of Chitttaur, the fort is a massive structure with many gateways built by
the later Maurya rulers in 7th century A. D. Perched at a height of 180 m
atop a hill, it sprawls over 700 acres. The tablets and chhatris within are
impressive reminders of Rajput heroism. The main gates are Padal Pol,
Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol and Ram Pol. The fort has many magnificent
monuments all fine examples of Rajput architecture.
» Vijay Stambh (Victory Tower)
37metre high structure with nine storeys, covered with exquisite sculptures
of Hindu deities and depicting episodes from the two great epics
Ramayan and Mahabharata was built in 1440 A. D. by Maharana Kumbha, a
powerful ruler of Mewar, to commemorate his victory over the Muslim rulers
of Malwa and Gujarat. » Padminis
beside a pool, the palace is quite a magnificent one. It was here that Rana
Ratan Singh showed a glimpse of queen Padmini to Alauddin Khilji. Rani
Padmini stood in Zanana Mahal a pavilion in the center
and her reflection was visible to Alauddin Khilji in a mirror placed in the
main hall. After having a glimpse of the legendary beauty, Alauddin went to
the extent of ravaging Chittaur in order to possess her.
» Rana Kumbha's Palace
This place is of great
historical and architectural interest. It is said that in one of the
underground cellars the legendary Rajput beauty, Rani Padmini and other
women committed Jauhar. This palace is the biggest monument in the Fort of
Chittaur. » Kirti Sthamb (Tower of Fame)
22 m tall tower is dedicated to Adinathji, the first of the Jain
Tirthankaras. It was built by a wealthy Jain merchant in 12th century A.D.,
with figures from the Jain pantheon decorating the tower.
» Kalika Mata Temple
Built in the 8th century,
as a sun temple it was converted into Kalika Mata Temple in the 14th century
A.D. This temple of Goddess Kali symbolises, power and valour.
» Gardens and Parks
Pratap Park, Meera Park
and Nehru Park are beautifully laid out parks in lush surroundings.
Beautiful Khwaja rose garden at Sawa is just 13 km from Chittaur.
» Meerabai Temple
The temple where Meerabai
worshipped Lord Krishna is built in north Indian style on a raised plinth
with a conical roof and beautiful inner sanctum. An open colonnade around
the sanctum has four small pavilions in each corner. Shopping
The beautiful wooden toys made in Bassi village near Chittaurgarh are the
best buys. Besides these, there are thewa articles of Pratapgarh, printed
fabrics of Akola and leather mojris of Gangrar.
shopping spots include Sardar Bazaar, Rana Sanga Market, New Cloth Market,
Fort Road Market, Gandhi Chowk and Station Circle.
Places to Stay in
There are Standard Hotels and also budget hotels available
offering excellent accommodation facilities.
How to get there » Air
Udaipur (112 km) is the
nearest airport. » Rail
railway station is located on the western banks of Gambheri River. It has
rail links with Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Udaipur, Jaipur, Kota and Delhi.
The main bus stand is also on the
western banks of Gambheri River. There is good bus service for Ajmer, Bundi,
Kota and Udaipur from Chittaurgarh.
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